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Microsoft AZ-500 問題練習

Microsoft Azure Security Technologies 試験

最新更新時間: 2022/07/31,合計123問。

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Question No : 1
DRAG DROP
You have an Azure subscription that contains the virtual networks shown in the following table.



The Azure virtual machines on SpokeVNetSubnet0 can communicate with the computers on the on-premises network.
You plan to deploy an Azure firewall to HubVNet.
You create the following two routing tables:
- RT1: Includes a user-defined route that points to the private IP address of the Azure firewall as a next hop address
- RT2: Disables BGP route propagation and defines the private IP address of the Azure firewall as the default gateway
You need to ensure that traffic between SpokeVNetSubnet0 and the on-premises network flows through the Azure firewall.
To which subnet should you associate each route table? To answer, drag the appropriate subnets to the correct route tables. Each subnet may be used once, more than once, or not at all. You may need to drag the split bar between panes or scroll to view content.
NOTE: Each correct selection is worth one point.



正解:

Question No : 2
You have Azure Resource Manager templates that you use to deploy Azure virtual machines.
You need to disable unused Windows features automatically as instances of the virtual machines are provisioned.
What should you use?

正解:
Explanation:
You can use Azure Automation State Configuration to manage Azure VMs (both Classic and Resource
Manager), on-premises VMs, Linux machines, AWS VMs, and on-premises physical machines.
Note: Azure Automation State Configuration provides a DSC pull server similar to the Windows Feature DSC-Service so that target nodes automatically receive configurations, conform to the desired state, and report back on their compliance. The built-in pull server in Azure Automation eliminates the need to set up and maintain your own pull server. Azure Automation can target virtual or physical Windows or Linux machines, in the cloud or on-premises.
References:
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/automation/automation-dsc-getting-started

Question No : 3
Question Set 3

You have an Azure subscription named Sub1. Sub1 contains a virtual network named VNet1 that contains one subnet named Subnet1.
You create a service endpoint for Subnet1.
Subnet1 contains an Azure virtual machine named VM1 that runs Ubuntu Server 18.04.
You need to deploy Docker containers to VM1. The containers must be able to access Azure Storage resources and Azure SQL databases by using the service endpoint.
What should you do on VM1 before you deploy the container?

正解:
Explanation:
The Azure Virtual Network container network interface (CNI) plug-in installs in an Azure Virtual Machine. The plug-in supports both Linux and Windows platform. The plug-in assigns IP addresses from a virtual network to containers brought up in the virtual machine, attaching them to the virtual network, and connecting them directly to other containers and virtual network resources. The plug-in doesn’t rely on overlay networks, or routes, for connectivity, and provides the same performance as virtual machines. The following picture shows how the plug-in provides Azure Virtual Network capabilities to Pods:



References:
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/virtual-network/container-networking-overview

Question No : 4
HOTSPOT
You are evaluating the security of the network communication between the virtual machines in Sub2. For each of the following statements, select Yes if the statement is true. Otherwise, select No. NOTE: Each correct selection is worth one point. Hot Area:



正解:


Explanation:
Box 1: Yes NSG1 has the inbound security rules shown in the following table.



NSG2 has the inbound security rules shown in the following table.



Box 2: Yes
Box 3: No
Note:
Sub2 contains the virtual machines shown in the following table.






Sub2 contains the network security groups (NSGs) shown in the following table.


Question No : 5
Testlet 2
This is a case study. Case studies are not timed separately. You can use as much exam time as you would like to complete each case. However, there may be additional case studies and sections on this exam. You must manage your time to ensure that you are able to complete all questions included on this exam in the time provided.

To answer the questions included in a case study, you will need to reference information that is provided in the case study. Case studies might contain exhibits and other resources that provide more information about the scenario that is described in the case study. Each question is independent of the other question on this case study.

At the end of this case study, a review screen will appear. This screen allows you to review your answers and to make changes before you move to the next sections of the exam. After you begin a new section, you cannot return to this section.

To start the case study
To display the first question on this case study, click the Next button. Use the buttons in the left pane to explore the content of the case study before you answer the questions. Clicking these buttons displays information such as business requirements, existing environment, and problem statements. If the case study has an All Information tab, note that the information displayed is identical to the information displayed on the subsequent tabs. When you are ready to answer a question, click the Question button to return to the question.

Overview
Contoso, Ltd. is a consulting company that has a main office in Montreal and two branch offices in Seattle and New York.
The company hosts its entire server infrastructure in Azure.
Contoso has two Azure subscriptions named Sub1 and Sub2. Both subscriptions are associated to an Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) tenant named contoso.com.

Technical requirements
Contoso identifies the following technical requirements:
- Deploy Azure Firewall to VNetWork1 in Sub2.
- Register an application named App2 in contoso.com.
- Whenever possible, use the principle of least privilege.
- Enable Azure AD Privileged Identity Management (PIM) for contoso.com

Existing Environment
Azure AD
Contoso.com contains the users shown in the following table.




Contoso.com contains the security groups shown in the following table.




Sub1
Sub1 contains six resource groups named RG1, RG2, RG3, RG4, RG5, and RG6.
User2 creates the virtual networks shown in the following table.




Sub1 contains the locks shown in the following table.




Sub1 contains the Azure policies shown in the following table.




Sub2
Sub2 contains the network security groups (NSGs) shown in the following table.




NSG1 has the inbound security rules shown in the following table.




NSG2 has the inbound security rules shown in the following table.




NSG3 has the inbound security rules shown in the following table.




NSG4 has the inbound security rules shown in the following table.




NSG1, NSG2, NSG3, and NSG4 have the outbound security rules shown in the following table.




Contoso identifies the following technical requirements:
- Deploy Azure Firewall to VNetwork1 in Sub2.
- Register an application named App2 in contoso.com.
- Whenever possible, use the principle of least privilege.
- Enable Azure AD Privileged Identity Management (PIM) for contoso.com.

HOTSPOT
What is the membership of Group1 and Group2? To answer, select the appropriate options in the answer area. NOTE: Each correct selection is worth one point. Hot Area:



正解:


Explanation:
Box 1: User1, User2, User3, User4
Contains "ON" is true for Montreal (User1), MONTREAL (User2), London (User 3), and Ontario (User4) as string and regex operations are not case sensitive.
Box 2: Only User3
Match "*on" is only true for London (User3).
Scenario:
Contoso.com contains the users shown in the following table.



Contoso.com contains the security groups shown in the following table.



References:
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/active-directory/users-groups-roles/groups-dynamic-membership

Question No : 6
Testlet 1
This is a case study. Case studies are not timed separately. You can use as much exam time as you would like to complete each case. However, there may be additional case studies and sections on this exam. You must manage your time to ensure that you are able to complete all questions included on this exam in the time provided.

To answer the questions included in a case study, you will need to reference information that is provided in the case study. Case studies might contain exhibits and other resources that provide more information about the scenario that is described in the case study. Each question is independent of the other question on this case study.

At the end of this case study, a review screen will appear. This screen allows you to review your answers and to make changes before you move to the next sections of the exam. After you begin a new section, you cannot return to this section.

To start the case study
To display the first question on this case study, click the Next button. Use the buttons in the left pane to explore the content of the case study before you answer the questions. Clicking these buttons displays information such as business requirements, existing environment, and problem statements. If the case study has an All Information tab, note that the information displayed is identical to the information displayed on the subsequent tabs. When you are ready to answer a question, click the Question button to return to the question.

Overview
Litware, Inc. is a digital media company that has 500 employees in the Chicago area and 20 employees in the San Francisco area.

Existing Environment
Litware has an Azure subscription named Sub1 that has a subscription ID of 43894a43-17c2-4a39-8cfc-3540c2653ef4.
Sub1 is associated to an Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) tenant named litwareinc.com. The tenant contains the user objects and the device objects of all the Litware employees and their devices. Each user is assigned an Azure AD Premium P2 license. Azure AD Privileged Identity Management (PIM) is activated.

The tenant contains the groups shown in the following table.




The Azure subscription contains the objects shown in the following table.



Azure Security Center is set to the Free tier.

Planned changes
Litware plans to deploy the Azure resources shown in the following table.



Litware identifies the following identity and access requirements:
- All San Francisco users and their devices must be members of Group1.
-The members of Group2 must be assigned the Contributor role to Resource Group2 by using a permanent eligible assignment.
- Users must be prevented from registering applications in Azure AD and from consenting to applications that access company information on the users’ behalf.

Platform Protection Requirements
Litware identifies the following platform protection requirements:
- Microsoft Antimalware must be installed on the virtual machines in Resource Group1.
- The members of Group2 must be assigned the Azure Kubernetes Service Cluster Admin Role.
- Azure AD users must be to authenticate to AKS1 by using their Azure AD credentials.
- Following the implementation of the planned changes, the IT team must be able to connect to VM0 by using JIT VM access.
- A new custom RBAC role named Role1 must be used to delegate the administration of the managed disks in Resource Group1. Role1 must be available only for Resource Group1.

Security Operations Requirements
Litware must be able to customize the operating system security configurations in Azure Security Center.

You need to ensure that users can access VM0. The solution must meet the platform protection requirements.
What should you do?

正解:
Explanation:
Azure Firewall has the following known issue: Conflict with Azure Security Center (ASC) Just-in-Time (JIT) feature.
If a virtual machine is accessed using JIT, and is in a subnet with a user-defined route that points to Azure Firewall as a default gateway, ASC JIT doesn’t work. This is a result of asymmetric routing C a packet comes in via the virtual machine public IP (JIT opened the access), but the return path is via the firewall, which drops the packet because there is no established session on the firewall.
Solution: To work around this issue, place the JIT virtual machines on a separate subnet that doesn’t have a user-defined route to the firewall.
Scenario:



Following the implementation of the planned changes, the IT team must be able to connect to VM0 by using JIT VM access.



References:
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/firewall/overview

Question No : 7
You have an Azure subscription. You create an Azure web app named Contoso1812 that uses an S1 App service plan. You create a DNS record for www.contoso.com that points to the IP address of Contoso1812. You need to ensure that users can access Contoso1812 by using the https://www.contoso.com URL.
Which two actions should you perform? Each correct answer presents part of the solution. NOTE: Each correct selection is worth one point.

正解:
Explanation:
B: You can configure Azure DNS to host a custom domain for your web apps. For example, you can create an Azure web app and have your users access it using either www.contoso.com or contoso.com as a fully qualified domain name (FQDN).
To do this, you have to create three records:
A root "A" record pointing to contoso.com
A root "TXT" record for verification
A "CNAME" record for the www name that points to the A record
E: To map a custom DNS name to a web app, the web app's App Service plan must be a paid tier (Shared, Basic, Standard, Premium or Consumption for Azure Functions). I
Scale up the App Service plan: Select any of the non-free tiers (D1, B1, B2, B3, or any tier in the Production category). References:
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/dns/dns-web-sites-custom-domain

Question No : 8
HOTSPOT You have an Azure Container Registry named Registry1.
You add role assignment for Registry1 as shown in the following table.



Which users can upload images to Registry1 and download images from Registry1? To answer, select the appropriate options in the answer area. NOTE: Each correct selection is worth one point. Hot Area:



正解:


Explanation:
Box 1: User1 and User4 only
Owner, Contributor and AcrPush can push images.
Box 2: User1, User2, and User4
All, except AcrImagineSigner, can download/pull images.



References:
https://docs.microsoft.com/bs-latn-ba/azure/container-registry/container-registry-roles

Question No : 9
Your company plans to create separate subscriptions for each department. Each subscription will be associated to the same Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) tenant.
You need to configure each subscription to have the same role assignments.
What should you use?

正解:
Explanation:
The Azure AD Privileged Identity Management (PIM) service also allows Privileged Role Administrators to make permanent admin role assignments.
References:
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/active-directory/privileged-identity-management/pim-how-to-add­
role-to-user

Question No : 10
HOTSPOT
Your company has two offices in Seattle and New York. Each office connects to the Internet by using a NAT device. The offices use the IP addresses shown in the following table.



The company has an Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) tenant named contoso.com. The tenant contains the users shown in the following table.



The MFA service settings are configured as shown in the exhibit. (Click the Exhibit tab.)




For each of the following statements, select Yes if the statement is true. Otherwise, select No. NOTE: Each correct selection is worth one point. Hot Area:



正解:


Explanation:
Box 2: No
Use of Microsoft Authenticator is not required.
Note: Microsoft Authenticator is a multifactor app for mobile devices that generates time-based codes used during the Two-Step Verification process.
Box 3: No
The New York IP address subnet is included in the "skip multi-factor authentication for request.
References:
https://www.cayosoft.com/difference-enabling-enforcing-mfa/

Question No : 11
DRAG DROP
You create an Azure subscription.
You need to ensure that you can use Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) Privileged Identity Management (PIM) to secure Azure AD roles.
Which three actions should you perform in sequence? To answer, move the appropriate actions from the list of actions to the answer area and arrange them in the correct order.



正解:


Explanation:
Step 1: Consent to PIM



Step: 2 Verify your identity by using multi-factor authentication (MFA) Click Verify my identity to verify your identity with Azure MFA. You'll be asked to pick an account.
Step 3: Sign up PIM for Azure AD roles Once you have enabled PIM for your directory, you'll need to sign up PIM to manage Azure AD roles.
References:
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/active-directory/privileged-identity-management/pim-getting-started

Question No : 12
HOTSPOT
You have an Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) tenant named contoso.com.
The tenant contains the users shown in the following table.



You configure an access review named Review1 as shown in the following exhibit.



Use the drop-down menus to select the answer choice that completes each statement based on the information presented in the graphic. NOTE: Each correct selection is worth one point.



正解:


Explanation:
Box 1: User3 only
Use the Members (self) option to have the users review their own role assignments.
Box 2: User3 will receive a confirmation request
Use the Should reviewer not respond list to specify what happens for users that are not reviewed by the reviewer within the review period. This setting does not impact users who have been reviewed by the reviewers manually. If the final reviewer's decision is Deny, then the user's access will be removed.
No change - Leave user's access unchanged
Remove access - Remove user's access
Approve access - Approve user's access
Take recommendations - Take the system's recommendation on denying or approving the user's continued access
References:
https://docs.microsoft.com/bs-latn-ba/azure/active-directory/privileged-identity-management/pim-how-to-start-security-review

Question No : 13
DRAG DROP
You need to configure an access review. The review will be assigned to a new collection of reviews and reviewed by resource owners.
Which three actions should you perform in sequence? To answer, move the appropriate actions from the list of actions to the answer area and arrange them in the correct order.



正解:


Explanation:
Step 1: Create an access review program
Step 2: Create an access review control
Step 3: Set Reviewers to Group owners
In the Reviewers section, select either one or more people to review all the users in scope. Or you can select to have the members review their own access. If the resource is a group, you can ask the group owners to review.



References:
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/active-directory/governance/create-access-review https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/active-directory/governance/manage-programs-controls

Question No : 14
HOTSPOT
You have an Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) tenant named contoso.com that contains the users shown in the following table.



You create and enforce an Azure AD Identity Protection user risk policy that has the following settings:
- Assignment: Include Group1, Exclude Group2
- Conditions: Sign-in risk of Medium and above
- Access: Allow access, Require password change
For each of the following statements, select Yes if the statement is true. Otherwise, select No.
NOTE: Each correct selection is worth one point.



正解:


Explanation:
Box 1: Yes
User1 is member of Group1. Sign in from unfamiliar location is risk level Medium.
Box 2: Yes
User2 is member of Group1. Sign in from anonymous IP address is risk level Medium.
Box 3: No
Sign-ins from IP addresses with suspicious activity is low.
Note:



Azure AD Identity protection can detect six types of suspicious sign-in activities:
- Users with leaked credentials
- Sign-ins from anonymous IP addresses
- Impossible travel to atypical locations
- from infected devices
- from IP addresses with suspicious activity
- from unfamiliar locations
These six types of events are categorized in to 3 levels of risks C High, Medium & Low:
References:
http://www.rebeladmin.com/2018/09/step-step-guide-configure-risk-based-azure-conditional-access­policies/

Question No : 15
DRAG DROP
You are implementing conditional access policies. You must evaluate the existing Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) risk events and risk levels to configure and implement the policies.
You need to identify the risk level of the following risk events:
- Users with leaked credentials
- Impossible travel to atypical locations
- Sign ins from IP addresses with suspicious activity
Which level should you identify for each risk event? To answer, drag the appropriate levels to the correct
risk events. Each level may be used once, more than once, or not at all. You may need to drag the split bar between panes or scroll to view content. NOTE: Each correct selection is worth one point.



正解:


Explanation:
Azure AD Identity protection can detect six types of suspicious sign-in activities:
- Users with leaked credentials
- Sign-ins from anonymous IP addresses
- Impossible travel to atypical locations
- from infected devices
- from IP addresses with suspicious activity
- from unfamiliar locations
These six types of events are categorized in to 3 levels of risks C High, Medium & Low:



References:
http://www.rebeladmin.com/2018/09/step-step-guide-configure-risk-based-azure-conditional-access­policies/

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